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HIS 295/POS 295: The American Constitution: The Supreme Court: Primary sources

Help for primary sources

Primary sources are original records or firsthand accounts. Designation as a primary source may depend on context, focus and perspective, and time of study.  Typically, a primary source is from the same time period as the subject studied.  If sources provide interpretation or analysis, they may be secondary sources.  Context is important for distinguishing between a primary or secondary source.

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Oral arguments

Laws and legal

Actual statutes, bills, acts, resolutions, treaties, and laws are primary sources. 

Books, reports, and documents

Look for firsthand accounts, reports from government and agencies, and other documents that publish original material. 

Interviews, letters, and diaries

Period newspapers and magazines

Supreme Court Justices

John G. Roberts, Chief Justice of the United States

John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice

Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice

Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Supreme Court Justices

Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice

Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice

Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice

Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Elena Kagan, Associate Justice

Elena Kagan, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Neil M. Gorsuch, Associate Justice, from the supremecourt.gov Web site at http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx