There are many citation styles. So, check with your professor or the journal you're trying to publish in to see which style they prefer.
AMS Citation Style Guide
The American Mathematical Society (AMS) provides a guide on following their citation style, especially when formatting manuscripts for publication in their journals.
From the U.K.'s Digital Curation Centre (DDC), this guide shows how and why to cite data. It's also available in PDF format.
Many citation styles require an abbreviation of the journal title. Use this resource to look up the abbreviation for the journal you're citing.
Developed by Mea Warren at the University of Houston Libraries, this resource is a primer for LaTeX, a document preparation system for scientific and mathematical articles.
LaTeX Search is a search engine that searches Springer scientific publications for LaTeX code. With nearly 6,000,000 code snippets, it provides users with the ability to locate the code for a specific equation.
This site gives instructions for installing and creating documents with LaTeX.
Written by M. R. C. van Donegan and published by Springer, this full length book provides introductory and advanced topics on using LaTeX to write articles, books, reports, or theses.
This book, published by Springer, serves as a guide to producing LaTeX documents.
Citation managers are tools that can collect and manage pdfs while also creating bibliographies. There are a few options, including:
EndNote Online is available to the UAlbany community through Web of Science.
A free citation manager as well as academic social network.